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I don't post everything on my blog. Here’s what an Address value object deriving from that base class could look like: As you can see, the base value object class does a pretty good job hiding most of the boilerplate code related to comparison operations. A reminder that early DDD was mixed with OOP, a better name for the Value Object(VO) would be a Value Concept. Instead of doing the actual comparison and hash code calculation in the derived classes, you can ask them to enumerate the members that participate in the comparison and do the rest of the work in the base class. Allowing for future changes to the underlying identity values without “shotgun surgery” When we’re … Sign up to my mailing list below. An ow… For example, I saw implementations where the base class used .NET reflection to get the list of all fields and properties in the deriving class and perform the comparison automatically. I'm a bit confused with regards to the repository, however. I don't post everything on my blog. Why use Value Objects? I also get a lot of comments on my Pluralsight courses asking why I’m not using EF. All kudos to Steve Roberts. Don't miss smaller tips and updates. I like this implementation a lot as it’s simpler than the one I used previously. Not that you want to do that anyway. So, the actual comparison logic in value objects should be implemented consciously, there’s no way you can delegate it to an automatic tool. I got a suggestion recently about using .NET structs to represent DDD Value Objects to which I repeated what I’ve been saying and writing for several years now: structs are not a good choice for DDD Value Objects. But in cases when your struct includes a reference type - and string is one of them - it falls back to using reflection to compare the instances field-to-field. Vaughn Vernon's description is probably the best in-depth discussion of value objects from a DDD perspective. Are there several fields that represent an address? Let’s say that you use NHibernate or EF Core 2.0 and so your ORM does support using structs as Value Objects. Dapper also allows you to do that: you can use structs to represent data returned from the database. I often say that ORMs don’t play well with structs but ORMs actually do support them to some extent. It might be the case that not all properties in a value object created equal. Value object that depends on multiple aggregates' lifecycle in DDD. Got a user with an email? Structs are supposed to be immutable which contradicts the inherently mutable nature of your entities. You don’t ever want to leave your clients a chance to violate the domain model’s invariants (not without raising an exception). Otherwise, code like this: will fall back to the default inefficient implementation. In terms of advantages generally, some are picked up at In DDD, what are the actual advantages of value objects?. DDD patterns help you understand the complexity in the domain. The difference between Entities and Value objects is an important concept in Domain Driven Design. You can still choose which fields you want to take into consideration. 1. The reason why is because such approach fails in two scenarios: It doesn’t work if the value object contains a collection. I was wondering why is so painful to many developers build a Value Object, I have seen a lot of application built using DDD approach, but in almost all cases Primitive obsession is in everywhere. Having that said, if you don’t care about the performance of your equality members much (which most enterprise developers shouldn’t), it’s fine to rely on the default equality comparison implementation. So ORM support for structs is OK, but only if you don’t define your entities as structs. For example, consider a Person concept. Value objects are considered the same when all their properties are equal. There could be some Comment field that doesn’t need to be compared when evaluating equality. With NHibernate, you can define a custom struct and use it as a Component (Value Object in NHibernate’s terminology). Value objects are simple or composite values that have a business meaning. “Value Objects are a fundamental building block of Domain-Driven Design, and they’re used to model concepts of your Ubiquitous Language in … They would be deemed equal from the domain’s point of view. A corollary of value objects' identity-less nature is, obviously, not having an Id property. You will need to repeat the equality operators and part of the Equals method in each and every value object you define and won’t be able to factor common bits out because structs don’t support inheritance. The owned entity type feature was added to EF Core since version 2.0. At least when it comes to equality comparison? Unlike reference types, .NET structs implement structural equality instead of reference equality. This idea was proposed by a reader of this blog, Steven Roberts. DDD Value Objects With Entity Framework Core December 27, 2018 by Sean Leitzinger in .NET Core , C# , Domain Driven Design , Entity Framework Core , Patterns For those who aren’t familiar, there is a concept in Domain Driven Design that distinguishes between objects with identity (entities) and those without (value objects). From Evans: In traditional object-oriented design, you might start modeling by identifying nouns and verbs. two value objects are equal when they have the same value, not necessarily being the same object. 2. In short, value objects are the building blocks of your domain model. Value objects are one of the basic building blocks of object domain driven design. Value objects are one of the building blocks introduced in the book Domain-Driven Design (also known as “the blue book”), written by Eric Evans. 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