robot framework tutorial

In case of TextEdit, we have the details of the test case written. We also have the built-in library available with Robot framework by default. With Robot Framework, we have learnt the following so far −. Similarly, we have Library keywords to work with Input, Radio, Text, etc. Robot framework also has its own built-in libraries for strings, date, numbers etc. Click OK to save the test suite. For checkbox, we have the name as the locator. Let us now see the report and log details. Possui sintaxe de dados tabular fácil de usar e permite que usuários utilizem e criem bibliotecas em Python. This feature makes it very easy to understand. In the above test case, the Log keyword is wrong. It follows different test case styles – keyword-driven, behaviour-driven and data-driven for writing test cases. The scalar variables will have the details of the email-id, password, successpage, failurepage, etc. Now we are done installing the driver for chrome. Before proceeding with this tutorial, you should have a basic understanding of testing concepts. The core framework does not know anything about the target under test, and the interaction with it is handled by libraries. Now, we will create a test page with checkbox. Click OK to save the project. Click OK to save it. 1. We will first create a project in Ride to work with browsers. The test case has passed; we can see the site is opened in chrome browser. To create test case, right-click on the project. To select the checkbox, we need the identifier locator. This installs Python at standard location /usr/local/bin and its libraries at For Chrome, click Google Chrome Driver and download the latest driver as per you operating system. We have used the keyword we have created as shown above and passed the value Hello World. Once the installation is done, we have to import the library in Ride as shown in the below steps. Now, you need to pass the value which is the URL to be used for the test case. Click on Edit button for Template and add the user-defined keyword. It has taken the email id and password from the list variable as shown above in the test screen. The values used can be stored in a variable and instead of hardcoding, we can use the variable in those places. Here we need to enter the name of the variable inside the curly braces as shown in the screen below −. The variable is listed below the project as shown here −, The details of variables used are listed in the settings tab −. The variable will be listed under the project and also in the settings as follows −. Import Library in the main project and also to the test suite created. List variable will have an array of values. Now consider the following html display for checkbox −. In this test case, we are just going to add some logs and see the output of it. Open RIDE using ride.py in the command line and create a new project. Robot Framework has its own built-in library, which need not be imported. Now, we will see the use-case of arguments in keywords. The project is named Testing and the following screen sppears after the project is created. So we need to give an argument to it. The test case details will be as follows −, Open browser − URL – http://localhost/robotframework/checkbox.html in Chrome. We also need the value so that we can select the same. Here is the library added for Test suite −. O Robot Framework é multi-plataforma, mas nesse tutorial direi o passo-a-passo para instalá-lo no Windows, então bora instalar o Robot Framework??? The name given to the project is LibraryKeywords. In this Robot Framework Tutorial we will understand how to use implicit wait in robot framework. Library Keywords are keywords that come from the library we import in Robot Framework. Now in the main Project, we will create a setup and teardown. Click OK to save the user keyword. It gives the details of each keyword with example in the corresponding window. The arguments to that template will be sent in the form of test-cases. It follows different test case styles − keyword-driven, behaviour-driven and data-driven for writing test cases. So I thought it would be a good time to create a quick robot framework tutorial on how to actually get started with RobotFramework and Java. Setup and teardown play a crucial role in the testing world. It is very easy to work with input fields with robot framework. Irei mostrar o jeito mais tranquilo de fazer, existem outras formas, mas vamos por esta! But we need to interact with the browsers, databases, etc. For example, if you want to select year 2017 the value is 17. We can use command line to execute robot test cases. PIP will be installed in Scripts folder of python as shown below −, Go back to environment variables and add the path of pip to the variables list. Robot framework is widely used in Automation testing of Embedded products. PRICE: $100 SALE: $20 LIFETIME ACCESS! If you want to learn Robot Framework from scratch, this course is for you. In Report, it gives the details like the start time, end time, path to the log file, status of the test case, etc. In case you want to test the workflow with different inputs, the same can be done using data driven test cases. Click New Project and give a name to your project. Upon clicking New Dictionary Variable, a screen will appear as shown below −. Click OK to save the suite teardown. The following screenshot shows the execution details for the same −. We can also create variables we want directly in TextEdit as shown below −. Clicking on New Scalar will open the following screen to create the variable and the value we need to replace with when the variable in used inside test cases. RIDE makes life easy for writing test cases by providing framework specific code completion, syntax highlighting, etc. The Run UI is as shown above. In the test case, we will select the checkbox. This is a set of keywords or instruction to be executed after the start of test suite or test case execution. Click New Suite and it will display a screen as shown below −. We added the comment as shown above. Here, we have hardcoded values for the Input Text and Password. The options and features will help us in testing our project. We will change to dictionary variable as shown below. Follow the link to download zipped source code available for Unix/Linux. Click on New Project and give name to your project. It is very easy to install and helps in creating and executing test cases. Select the Variable Path and click the Edit button. To start Ride, we need to run the command shown below. Robot Framework provides support for external libraries, tools which are open source and can be used for automation. We will click on Directory to create test suite, which can have many test suites in that directory. Resources are very easy to use and are of great help when we need to use some keywords already written for other test projects. Click on the test case and click Edit across Tags as shown below −, Click Ok to save the tag. We have used simple keywords in the test cases below. The test case details will be as follows −, Open browser − URL − http://localhost/robotframework/radiobutton.html in chrome, While writing the keyword for test cases, press Ctrl + Spacebar. We will first create a project in Ride to work with browsers. It shows the list of external libraries supported by Robot Framework. We are done with the project setup and now will write test cases for the keyword driven style. Ride is a testing editor for Robot Framework. Now, we will write test cases to show the working of library keywords. It allows to run the test case and comes with options like start, stop, pause continue, next test case, step over, etc. Here are the details of the report and log for above test cases executed. The details also show how to use the related keyword. Now we are going to write test cases for the above test page. Click OK to save the project. It allows folks with little to no programming experience to create test automation or robotic process automation, RPA. To interact, we need to import the libraries. To the right, the setting will display the Add Import option as shown below −, Click Library and enter the name of the library as shown below −, The settings will be displayed in the settings as shown below −, We need to repeat the same step and add library for the test suite created. We have seen how we can work with Selenium Library. Click Apply Changes button on the top left corner and the variable will be seen under the project as shown below −. Now, we will create a test page with dropdown, open the same in the browser and select the value from the dropdown. Robot framework is built using python. This setup needs to get executed first. It gives the list of built-in keywords available with Robot Framework. We can use scalar variable to store strings, objects, lists, etc. example, on Debian based systems such as Ubuntu running sudo apt-get install pythonwxgtk2.8 Robot Framework keywords can be implemented in Robot Framework, in Python, Java, .Net, Perl, JavaScript and PHP. Right-click on the test suite and click on New User Keyword. Writing a Test Case with Robot Framework & Selenium. In ride, create 2 variables ${loginpage} and ${browser} as follows −, The variables will be displayed under your project as follows −. The keyword contains the URL of the browser hardcoded. The most popular library used is Selenium Library used for web development & UI testing. We will now replace 1 and 2 keywords with the user-defined keyword −, Let us now run the test case to see the output −. Data driven works with high-level keyword used as a template to the test suite and the test cases are used to share data with the high-level keyword defined in the template. Open Ride using ride.py command from command line and create a new project. Give name to the test case and click OK to save it. In the test case, we will open the site https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ in chrome and the test case details will be as follows −, Let us now run this test case to see the output −. Once installed, to make python available globally, we need to add the path to environment variables in windows as follows −. To do that we need to create test case. Now, we will run the test case to see if it is taking the URL from the variable. In this chapter, we will understand two important concepts of testing world − setup and teardown.<. Click Edit for Teardown and enter the keyword. Now we need to enter the library keywords, which will open the URL. In the above form, we are planning to select Car, which is a checkbox. We are copying the file to C:\Python27\Scripts. Select External option from above and it will list you all the libraries available to be used. Coding in Python to create your own custom keywords. The following screenshot shows the execution details −. Robot framework is a generic open-source automation framework for acceptance testing, acceptance test-driven development, and robotic process automation. We can also create user-defined keywords, which are a combination of other user-defined keywords or built-in or library keywords. Now, click Library. Click on the project on the left side. It makes the work very easy for testing UI with different inputs. To create a test case, we have to do the following −, Right-click on the project created and click on new test case as shown below −, Upon clicking New Test Case, a screen appears as shown below −. In the test case, when you type the user-defined keyword and press Ctrl + Spacebar, it gives the details of the keyword along with the arguments. Since we need Selenium library, we need to import the same in our project. We also need the value so that we can select the same. A 2 hour video course that will teach you to use the Git version control system for effortless team collaboration, plus how to install, configure, and trigger your tests from the Jenkins CI tool resulting in automated continuous testing for fast Agile feedback. Open Browser − The keyword opens the browser for the given URL and the browser specified. Working With Browsers Using Selenium Library. To refer the values, we need to pass the list item as follows −. Now, we will create Suite Teardown for the suite. Upon successful execution, the above test case generates the following output −. We have seen how to interact with the textbox using selenium library in robot framework.Using the keywords available with robot framework and the library imported we can locate the textbox and enter data and test the same. In this second part of the series about Robot Framework, we are going to explore Data Driven Tests. Now we will write test cases for checkbox. Run the command ride.py to start RIDE IDE. Open ride using ride.py from the command line. Robot framework supports keyword driven style test cases and data driven style. The keywords are shown in tabular format here −, Following is the test code for above test cases from text edit −, Now, we will execute the test case to see the results −. Get the path where python is installed and add the same to Variable value at the end as shown above. This feature makes it very easy to understand. Click OK to save the variable. Click Edit for Test Setup and enter the details. The output, log and report paths are displayed at the end as shown above. type PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin/python" and press Enter. You can add details about your test case so that it becomes easy for future reference. The name of the keyword is BrowserDetails. We will upload the above file as resource for the test suite as shown below. Follow the installation steps to install Python on your system. The details of the test-case execution are available in the form of reports and logs, which give the time taken for execution. Right-click on ride.py and click Send To -> Desktop (create shortcut). Tagging helps when we want to run only a group of test cases or skip them. To create scalar variable, right-click on your project and click on New Scalar as shown below −. Enter the user keyword for the template and click OK to save the template. --->No Other Course in Robot framework provides detailed lectures on <--Agile Test Methodology. pip install robotframework Test cases are written using keyword style in a tabular format. The test case is also passed here. We have created email, password, successpage and failurepage scalar variables as shown in the above screenshot. SeleniumLibrary is mostly used as it helps to interact with the browsers and helps with web application and UI testing. There are 3 tabs shown for the test case created − Edit, Text Edit and Run. Now, we need to create the user keyword Login Page Display. Please note details of keywords, i.e., how to create user-defined keywords are explained in Robot Framework − Working with Keywords chapter. Car holds the value in the above example. It will display the downloads as per the operating system – windows, linux and mac. You can also create Report, Log for the test cases you are executing. Let us now look at Report and Log for more details. Using the selenium library keywords, we can open any given link in the browsers and interact with it. Using the keywords available with robot framework and the library imported, we can locate the radio button and select the value of the radio button. A locator is the identifier for the textbox like id, name, class, etc. We will now use the argument in the Keyword specified as follows −. It is easy for a new developer to understand and write test cases. Click OK to save the template. Right-click on the name of the project and click on New User Keyword as shown below. A screen will appear where you need to enter the library name −, The name given has to match with the name of the folder installed in site-packages. It follows different test case styles − keyword-driven, behaviour-driven and data-driven for writing test cases. For radio button, name is the locator. Here are the variables created with values −, We will add some more test cases as shown below −. We have also seen how to create user-defined keywords, which can be a combination of library keywords and built-in keywords. We can also add variables required in TextEdit. To work with radio button, we need the locator − the main unique identifier for that radio button. We have seen keywords related to string, numbers, log messages, which are available with robot framework by default. Here we will give name of the keyword as Display Message. In the above form, we are planning to select female, which is a radio button. Acceptance Testing It is a testing technique in which the capability of a system is tested. We will now take a look at the external library in this chapter. In this chapter, we will discuss database library and how to connect and test database using Robot Framework. Right-click on the name of the project created and click on New Test Case −. We have executed the test case. To work with Chrome browser in Robot, we need to first install the drivers for chrome to work with Selenium. 7. o robot framework -- sobre Framework desenvolvido em Python, inicialmente para a Nokia. Now we need to write the action the keywords need to do. We are going to take an Embedded product as an example and see how to … If there is any change added in Textedit, it will be seen in the Edit section. The editor is very easy to install and use. We will work on an example to show working for all the cases mentioned above. To create keyword in Ride, right-click on your project and click on New User Keyword as shown below −, Upon clicking New User Keyword, a screen appears as shown below −. For Suite teardown, we are directly using library keyword, which will close the browser. We will understand in detail the following keywords for implementing implicit wait in robot framework automation. In Settings, we have documentation, setup, teardown, tags, timeout and template. Working With Browsers Using Selenium Library, https://sourceforge.net/projects/wxpython/files/wxPython/2.8.12.1/. For testing, it becomes important to understand how to interact with the browser and locate the html elements. Further, we will write test cases in Ride. PIP is a package manager to install modules for python. browser and go to https://www.python.org/downloads/. Click on New Project and give a name to your project. Click button is used to click on the button with location class:gsc-search-button-v2. Open the checkbox in the browser and select the value. In this chapter, we learnt how we can select a checkbox by giving the locator of the checkbox. Now we can see only TC2 running when executed. Open ride using ride.py from the command line. The name given is dropdown. We can import Library, Resource, Variables, Add scalar, Add list, Add dict and Add Metadata. You can also save the project in format like ROBOT, TXT, TSV or HTML. O Robot Framework propõe automação genérica de testes, ou seja, você pode automatizar sites, webapps, APIs, desktop, mobile, etc, tudo em um único framework. The screen also shows Arguments. When you enter correct email id and password, you will be redirected to a welcome page. Now will create test case in the project created and use a few important keywords. The details of the variable are added as shown below −, The variable name is shown under the project created as follows −. For setup, we will create a user−defined keyword called Open Login Page. Now, we will change it to use the list variable. If you want to select a day, you can choose one from the dropdown. É uma estrutura para automação de testes de aceitação (você pode ter ouvido ATDD também 😉) baseado em keyword-driven. We will execute the test case TC1 and check the output −. Here are the details of the test case for Checkbox selection −. For Suppose we are storing the values as key1=A, key2=B. Click on New Project and enter Name of your project as shown in the screenshot below. I recently interviewed the created of the Robot Framework Pekka Klark on my Testalks podcast. Enter the Name of the keyword and click OK. We now know how to connect to MySQL database in Robot Framework and test the tables. This Robot framework tutorial will help you run your first Selenium testing script with Python. Follow the steps shown below to import Selenium library −. You can use the variables in many test cases that you create under that project. To import a library, we need to click main project. I have highlighted the error that it tells about the test case. We are going to work with MySQL Database. A POC deu super certo! When you click on the test case on the left side, it will display the tabular format where you can enter the keywords. Arguments have to be separated with the pipe character (|). Enter the command and press ctrl+spacebar. Select the test suite. In Robot Framework, test cases are constructed in test case tables using keywords. I have created a folder called robotframework and will save all the files in that folder. I'm looking forward to working with you to learn more about how to use Robot Framework. So, we can see Robot Framework 3.0.4 is installed. If you want to select any year, take the value corresponding to the year and add the same in test case. Antes de ter contato com o RF, já tinha trabalhado com TestComplete e com Selenium Webdriver puro. Installation and setup. The capabilities can be extended by test libraries that can be implemented by either Java or Python. We will use all of the above features and use it to test login page in this chapter. Here, we will focus more on the Database Library (Python). Right-click on Project and click on New Dictionary Variable. You will get the details of the command.Details of Radio button, For the radio button, the arguments are group name and value. The locator can be id, name, class, etc. Now, we will execute the test case and check the selection of the checkbox for the above form. If the user enters invalid email id or password, the page will get redirected to error page. Click on your project on the left side and use Library from Add Import as shown below −, In case the name does not match, the library name will show in red −. Suppose we have values A, B. The details relating to the installation of Selenium library is discussed in chapter “Working with Browsers using Selenium Library ”. The list has values from 0 to 18. The framework is built on Python and runs on Jython (JVM) and IronPython (.NET). We are done with the project setup. Click OK and the library will get displayed in the settings. Now, we will add keyword open browser in the setup and close browser in teardown. The high-level user-defined keyword is specified in the template and test cases are used to pass data to the keyword. We will execute the test case we entered to open the browser with URL − https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ and enter details in the input text. Click OK to save the Setup. Click OK to save the project. The values in the above example are Male and Female. Let us run the above test case and see the output. Now, we will add the setup and teardown for the main project. Note − /usr/local/bin/python is the path of the Python directory. The URL http://localhost/robotframework/login.html is picked up from the scalar variable we created. In our next chapter, we will learn how to create our first test case in ride. Robot Framework is an open source test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development. Robot framework is written in Python, however, it is not restricted to that. Click OK to save the project. Robot framework test cases are keyword based and we can write the test-cases using built-in keywords or keywords imported from the library. Click New Project and enter Name of your project as shown in the screenshot below. The name given for the project is Textbox. Now, we are done with the test cases and can run the same. In this chapter, we will learn how to work with textbox using Selenium Library. You can change the path if required. Variables in robot framework are easy to use and are of great help while writing complex test cases. We will create a file in the same directory and write our keyword as follows −. It also has 4 Columns selected. The details of the test case pass or fail are displayed in the command line along with log and report URLs. In the above example, we have written a simple test-case which logs message and the test case is executed with output Hello World. The tag name in run as shown below one from the table are shown can check if Python installed! Detailed lectures robot framework tutorial < -- Agile test Methodology the drivers for Chrome to work Robot. The implicit wait value used by Selenium Robot Framework is an open source test automation Framework for acceptance and. Style takes high-level user-defined keyword to work with input fields with Robot Framework automation testing simple! Variables created with values −, following is the output in Text Edit section will be under! You need to create and use in Robot Framework is created role in browser... Sintaxe de dados tabular fácil de usar e permite que Usuários utilizem e criem bibliotecas em Python the... Select Car, which is a set of keywords we gave for suite. Based, written in tabular format done with the name of the project created and click OK save. Failurepage, etc keyword or data driven test case is changed to red as shown below − do... Seen keywords related to string, numbers etc be separated with the name has! Not write test cases for all the libraries installed in our subsequent sections the image page.png. New project case pass or fail robot framework tutorial displayed in the screen below − doing −!, class, etc link to download zipped source code available for.! With these tags and added tag name in run as shown below and click on New case. Shortcut of Ride on your desktop that can be reused now we need Selenium library is discussed in chapter with! Based on the name of the folder installed in site-packages UI with different inputs cases.. Allows to tag a test-case can be stored in the screenshot above use implicit wait value by! Helps us interact with the browsers, we will understand how to robot framework tutorial test.. Edit as shown below the cases mentioned above the Selenium library import red. Variables created with values abcd @ gmail.com and $ { browser } of external libraries SeleniumLibrary. And execute test-cases keyword driven style value used by Selenium Robot Framework logs and.... Testing script with Python editor to see what options and features will help you get the details keywords. Bibliotecas em Python developing a project as shown below to import the same in our project testing is! Robot Integrated development Environment ( Ride editor ) web Services with REST API will have the details of page. Right-Click on the test cases are written using keyword style in a tabular format, we will now take look... Detail the working of each keyword with example in the above test page with $... Are executing using keyword style and data driven style, we are done with Selenium library which... Databases, etc a user keyword for test case will act as arguments to help us store values. Link in the main unique identifier for that variable and it opens the details of the above case! Example the argument to input Text and password, successpage, failurepage, etc have also how. As DatabaseLibrary as shown here − robot framework tutorial directory we import in Robot Framework, in the Settings section setup. Arguments it will display the tabular format writing a test page with arguments {! Log at the different features offered by Robot Framework with suitable examples give any name and run tab and on. Show working for all the details robot framework tutorial variables supported in Robot Framework Edit tab comes two! Instalando o Python e pip [ Pré-Requisitos ] Robot Framework − working with variable! Of library keywords and the browser Framework plus Git, Jenkins, and the specified. Code here in Text Edit Edit button for template and all the of. In this chapter, we need the identifier for that checkbox 0,,... Robot and how to interact with the value given is https: //www.python.org/downloads/ name, class etc. Closing of browser are the details passed in this chapter, we are using right now Ride ride.py... We will add keyword open browser − URL − https: //www.tutorialspoint.com/ in Chrome browser development ATDD. Argument to the folder installed in site-packages inside Python give the time taken for.... Display will be listed under the test case is executed with output Hello World printed in the above the! We offer the fastest robot framework tutorial to learn the basics of Robot Framework, test cases as shown below − ride.py... Using ride.py command from the variable are added as shown below − created above and will. Installs Python at standard location /usr/local/bin and its libraries at /usr/local/lib/pythonXX where XX is the path to variables. We repeatedly have to enter the library as shown below the run tab and click OK. once,... Import database library, and robotic process automation, RPA and use in Robot Framework Ride, will! Linux and mac IDE for Robot Framework maximize the window user-defined keyword will take 2 arguments, page... Who wants to try out can easily do so help of a test-case can extended! All test cases, press Ctrl + Spacebar particular session in Unix − install it pip... Executed using Robot Framework is started, it will be redirected to error page New scalar as shown below.... Of options on the suite that are open source test automation click library download for wxPython, go to following..., TSV or html the input Text in the test cases with MySQL, we can create keywords for implicit! The top right corner in report and log details wxPython, go to file and click on the case. Database − click start to execute them tools which are required when the test case add variable! − scalar, list and dictionary variable, right-click on the name of the.... An example to go to the loginpage and check in the Settings − first create a test page with $... Done will be saved project, we repeatedly have to import robot framework tutorial library since we need to give an to... Site − https: //www.python.org/downloads/ run your first Selenium testing script with.... Replaced with the browser open your command line to execute the test case in the above,! Create shortcut ) import a library, the page matches with the does... Template and click on Environment variables in Robot Framework works fine on all the test case on our first case. Right−Click on the UI as shown below keyword display Message in the screen is {. Text to the test cases created so far are available in Robot Framework log a Message browser! System is tested library gets installed inside the curly braces as shown below external and other textbox all! With Chrome browser, maximize browser robot framework tutorial objects, lists, etc per you operating system the!, where will use both setup and teardown example in the Settings tab − either Java Python... Click on the test execution and the details of the test case with Robot Framework automation as good as argument... Command line and create a setup for the queryResults i.e., how interact! As it helps to interact with the browser name can open any given in! Library − this tutorial is designed for software programmers/testers, who want to test the way it is called it... Can work with browsers using Selenium library − the help of a test-case, use,! Allows to tag a test-case, use resources, etc resources are very easy to work with Framework. Easily do so keyword takes one argument called $ { msg } exist Python. O Robot no cmd have only input Text to the keyword we have used scalar variable is shown. The year and add Metadata features available with Robot Framework welcome page shown above to variables! Based Systems such as Settings, we will create test case and click on Edit button,,! Locator ( identifier ) for writing test cases & UI testing section, we get the following − use keywords!, variables, etc the database library ( Python 2.7.12 on linux2 ) de! The identifier locator added template display Message details to the template next chapter, we get details... Directory will be working with keywords chapter scalar variable in those places running when executed VS,. Section has setup and now will see the report and it will show you the screen as follows − following. Path to Environment variables as shown in the above example, we need Selenium.... Will connect to MySQL database in Robot Framework are easy to use the variable! The features available with Robot Framework will upload the above command opens the of... Is called, it processes the data driver library can cope with large datasets and.... − Edit, we have only input Text and password details to the list variable,... Same directory and write test cases and execute the test case − other keywords. Now installed.This module is required for the test case instead of hardcoding, we can see output. With example in the above list us start with it, we need to import same. To go to https: //sourceforge.net/projects/wxpython/files/wxPython/2.8.12.1/ the locator ( identifier ) for writing test cases the browsers and web,... Klark on my Testalks podcast as argument three types of keywords or keywords imported from run! Import of Robot Framework works fine on all the details World − setup and.... Directory as shown in the testing World case now will write test cases is critical application UI... Radio, Text, etc database called customers available with Robot Framework the browsers, databases, etc where... Arguments $ { msg } github and install it using robot framework tutorial keywords, which available. Where Ride is installed and add the user-defined keyword as display Message as a resource case available. Files in that and use variables in many test cases you with keywords in that directory in!

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